More American security experts are afraid of North Korea’s nuclear weapons than climate change.

More American security experts are afraid of North Korea’s nuclear weapons than climate change.

Establishing fossil-fuel free (FFF) Communities

Emanuel Pastreich

October 14, 2019

We came away from the climate march, the climate strike and the enormous swell of political commitment among ordinary citizens in the week leading up to the United Nations Climate Action Summit with a new mandate for action.  Even the commercial media which had previously ignored this climate catastrophe was forced to face the music. Whether it is the strikes at high schools or the declaration of a climate emergency by local governments, we are witnessing a fundamental shift in consciousness in all corners.

But even the positive turn cannot erase the dread of impending catastrophe adumbrated by forest fires in Siberia and the Amazon, the heat waves sweeping India and Europe and the complete failure of the central governments of any major country to make a fundamental commitment to the elimination of fossil fuels even in the face of overwhelming scientific evidence of impending doom.    

The emphasis so far has been on appealing to top government officials to recognize climate change as a crisis and change policy. Perhaps that was the appropriate first step. But the time has come to move to the next stage.

Sadly, the most committed climate activists, after they are dragged away to prison for their civil disobedience, find themselves washing with warm water heated with coal or natural gas, or even nuclear power and eating vegetables that were shipped on cargo ships and trucks powered by fossil fuels, and wrapped in plastic produced from petroleum. The components in the computers and cell phones they used to coordinate the protests, or write moving articles, were produced using coal and other noxious chemicals in India, in China or in Thailand and the power that drives most internet networks is similarly unclean.

The specialists who conduct research on the impact of climate change have retirement funds tied up in companies with direct, or indirect, ties to fossil fuel profits (often links that are not disclosed to them).

That is to say that protestors may raise attention about climate change to the highest levels, but they return home to a nightmare world wherein there is no escape from the fossil fuels. The individual may have the choice of whether to eat meat, or whether to protest, but he or she has no choice about whether to participate in an industrial economy run according to a bankrupt ideology of consumption and growth. 

Activists can block traffic, or lie down on train tracks, to force politicians to pay attention to their demands, but the vast majority of their actions, from the moment they turn on the lights in the morning and check their email to the last plastic wrapped snack they eat from refrigerator before bed, are tied to fossil fuels. Moreover, they can fight to get articles about climate change in the existing corporate media, or in public textbooks, but there is no broadly circulated newspaper or television news that focuses on climate change.

But if there were a choice, even if the scale was small at first, it would be possible to make every aspect of one’s life into protest action by participating in a global economy, a global intellectual network, which is from start to finish 100% fossil fuel free (FFF). Although bravery and sacrifice are required, such FFF communities are entirely possible. But we are rather told that we must put up with the existing system of dependency on petroleum and coal until such moment as the entire country is net zero.

But if we create large parts of local economies that are 100% fossil-fuel free (FFF), those communities themselves will become powerful economic players that can go toe-to-toe with investment banks and oil companies. Imagine if you had people knocking on your door regularly asking you to become a part of a FFF community which would guarantee that all the energy you use, all the food you eat and all the items in your home are produced without fossil fuels? When that starts to happen, we will have started the real revolution.

Establishing a fossil fuels free (FFF) Community

The general assumption among the vast majority of citizens who are even aware of the threat of climate change is that we will all wait until 2050 and then the government, which has been entirely gutted and privatized) will determine through laws that the entire economy of each nation is transformed into a sustainable. The amount of reporting in the commercial media proposing such a solution is so overwhelming that most people, awash in the half-truths that flow through the smart phone, take this proclamation at face value.

The scientific data shows overwhelmingly that 2050 is far, far, too late. But equally importantly, the current power structure is such that although there are media events about climate change from time to time, there is zero change in your neighborhood. There is no option to select 100% renewable energy, no option to purchase food wrapped in plastic and no meetings of the local citizens to discuss climate change, dependency on petroleum or the other serious problems that we face.

Freedom will start when we have a choice and that choice will only exist if we establish 100% fossil fuel free (FFF) communities around the world on a small scale that will permit committed citizens to opt out of the corrupt system that forces us to use fossil fuels, whether we want to or not. Once there are small communities which are literally 100% FFF (no fossil fuels used in the production or transportation of fabrication of anything employed), there will be the choice for those of conscience to choose (at an initial sacrifice) to join these communities. Without any doubt, many will join. And over time these communities will expand until they become a substantial part of the domestic, and international economy.

Currently, it is possible to participate in protests about climate change. But when the protest is over, for most it is back to normal life in an industrialized society. If we have fossil fuel communities, however, the protest can go on 24 hours a day and a real positive step can be made to stop destroying our Earth now, and not when some politician decides so. We do not need the approval of business leaders or politicians to start that process at the local level. All we need is the will, the vision, the motivation and the tenacity. Such FFF communities give us more than just a good feeling. They bring with them economic independence from a corrupt fossil fuel economy which influences every aspect of the political economy. Those FFF communities can serve as the base for numerous other political, social and educational movements.

The first step for creating FFF (fossil-fuel free) communities at the local level is to gather together a small group of people who pledge to support the community, and each other, for the long term, and to support themselves exclusively on the FFF products produced by this community. There are now, among those willing to be arrested at protests, those who are deeply committed to being vegan. If we have a critical mass of them willing to commit to these FFF communities, and to sink what assets they have into the community in the understanding that those communities will pledge to support them going forward.

There are a few basics for a fossil fuel free community, and they may not be perfect at first, but can be made 100% in a short period of time. The core for our new economy is the establishment of organic farms that produce 100% organic food and transport it without the use of fossil fuels to those who will eat it. At the beginning, those who join these groups will encounter a significant drop in the diversity of their diet, but they can be certain that they have established the foundations for a truly fossil fuel free economy. The food may be grown locally, or brought in from local farms, or grown at home. The point is that fossil fuels do not intrude at any point in the process.

Food can be sold at communal markets in which the collaboration between producer and consumer is a core feature. That is to say that the markets are jointly owned and that the act of buying is linked to a cultural and political act of stepping out of the fossil fuel economy. We can start with one such communal market and then expand them out around the world—what is important is that people are invited to join.

The model of the Amish or the Mennonites is worth considering here. Although we do not have to accept every aspect of their production systems for food without fossil fuels, they offer us best practices that we can use. What we need to make sure is that our communities are expansive and invite in all those who take an interest.

We can create FFF gardens in every corner of the city, like victory gardens in our struggle to win back our economy from the agricultural and transportation corporations who want to make us slaves to petroleum and petroleum byproducts. Give the youth who create this food jobs and pay them in food and currency for their efforts (like the growing of food during WW II but even more extensive). Within a month, we can get a significant chunk of the UK economy made of FFF communities.

It will be critical to come up with fossil fuel free transportation for food and other goods immediately, rather than waiting for corrupt politicians to provide it and to make it clear that making do with limited FFF transportation is not an unpleasant inconvenience for the citizen, but a form of moral bravery, the front line of the battle against climate change. The first step is not technological, but rather attitudinal. If working all day shoveling mulch, or transporting food by cart, or generating electricity on an exercise bike (which is good exercise) is seen as an ethical imperative, much will become possible. If these actions are treated as secondary, something to be left to others, and the narcissism of posting on Instagram dominates our culture, we will not get very far at all.

Transportation reform means reform of the concept of real estate and of community. That we must become social beings again who can share everything and we must give up our private land in order to support ourselves and our community through local food production.

Another critical part of the FFF community must be manufacturing. Establishing FFF manufacturing is an enormous challenge. First you must start making everything yourself, in your community, make it without using fossil fuels. Products, whether desks and bookshelves, or shirts and sweaters, or cups and pots must be made to last for 20-50 years. That means that they must be well-made, that the culture of consumption and constant replacement must be replaced with a culture of sustainability within the FFF community, and we return to local production for most everything.

Starting our own stores that sell only products produced without any fossil fuels and offering jobs to our children and the children of our neighbors in those stores, which we patronize because we are in part owners of them, it is key to creating FFF communities.

It goes without saying that this move is the end of the global trade that we have staked our economy on for the last hundred years. Shipping goods across the Earth does tremendous damage to the environment and also to encourage the inhuman mass production of foodstuffs and other products in certain regions to supply the world. That approach to production and distribution has destroyed local economies and distorted the global economy. It is possible to have trade using entirely renewable energy in the future, but there is no need for it ever to be on this scale.

Some might take this statement as an anti-internationalist, or even anti-Chinese, statement. Nothing could be further from the truth. It is essential that local communities work in an international manner to address climate change long-term. That will be an internationalist project, but it will have nothing to do with global capital investments by the wealthy. It is not anti-Chinese to suggest that China must reinvigorate its local economy and stop the large scale exports that damage the environment by switching back to local, non-polluting manufacturing and agriculture. New technologies can make this process far easier and more effective than was true in the 19th century. Moreover, the shift will make China more independent and more self-sufficient. The same hold true for other nations who have staked their futures on global trade. We must recognize, quickly, that this system is finished.

Finance and Currency

The end of a consumption culture driven forward by corporate advertising must be coupled with a drive to restructure finance and lending to meet the needs of this new community. We must create local banks that lend out money to purchase these products by means of 30-year loans. That is to say that if you buy a shirt, or a desk, that will last for 50 years, it will take a lot of work to make and it will be expensive. But if there is a bank that will lend you money for the purchase immediately using a loan over twenty years to purchase that product, then the product becomes affordable immediately. The same is true for solar or wind power.

It is a tremendous burden to suddenly go out and buy solar panels and have them installed. But if the whole package is funded using a 30-year, or 50-year loan, then it is immediately competitive with paying your monthly bill from the very start. Most people would start using renewable energy immediately.

We need to completely restructure banks, starting with local banks and the banks established by FFF communities. The primary function of banks will be to make rapid conversation to 100% renewable possible. That means that finance must be focused on the small item, not the big infrastructure programs that investment banks love. For example, if a pair of pants that will last for 40 years (and can be passed on and on to the next generation, and is made locally, ends up costing $150, the bank should offer microloans that will make that product cheaper than a pair of pants imported from Vietnam that will last for six months. The bank will serve, starting from the FFF community, to reshape the nature of economics so that loans are primarily concerned with distributing cost for critical investments for sustainability so that those investments are never avoided because they are too expensive. The bank will be cooperative in nature, owned by the members of the community and will not have profit as a goal.

Moreover, the very nature of the economy, whether at the bank of in the newspapers circulated at the FFF community, must fall on long-term development (50-100 years) so that the true cost of petroleum, coal and consumption is manifest. That requires that we transform the study of economics, policy, security and welfare so that all disciplines focus on the long term. We can start this transformation of education from elementary school in the FFF community and quickly expand it around the world.

Part of the process can be the establishment of an eco-currency, a form of money that is completely detached from the fossil fuel banking-industrial-military complex and that ties the state of the environment directly to the value of money. Such a currency can start at the local level, and be expanded in its use at a later date (See “Ecocurrency”).

Education   

More often than not, the solution to the climate catastrophe is presented to us as a matter of technology. Although there are certainly critical new materials that can help us to create energy more cheaply from wind and sun, and that satellites allow us to study the state of the biosphere, it will be the humanities that will be decisive in the response to climate change.

The much-neglected field of philosophy will be central. We need to make study of philosophy central to all of our plans for the future and to recognize that it was the war on metaphysics, epistmelogy and moral philosophy which has brought on the current intellectual crisis that has permitted climate change to reach this stage without any response.

The privileged feel entirely at peace with themselves consuming goods that are produced using fossil fuels in other countries while living in comfortable home with minimal pollution. They are happy to have cheap energy produced by coal power plants as long as those power plants are far away. The ability to conceive of that which is not immediately visible as atrophied for the vast majority of the population. Discussions about philosophy, philosophic topics and scientific discussions about the nature of our human experience should be expanded to be a central part of our lives, replacing the commercial consumption dominated media that takes up most of our lives.

Only strong foundations in philosophy will allow our citizens to step back from the drive to make a profit right now, to satisfy their desires immediately, and think about the long-term. Philosophy does not mean, however, that we must bury ourselves in the abstract writings of Hegel and Heidegger. Rather the essential questions about human existence and the meaning of our experience must be made central in all discourse and the consumer culture aimed at stimulating the amygdala must be ended.

The consumption culture that is destroying us creates profits because it encourages, stimulates, the individual to desire more and bigger, to create an imbalance in the individuals self-perception so that some exterior object must be purchased in order to obtain wholeness. Whether it is the worship of growth or the praise of consumption, the blindness towards how our economic assumptions feed climate change must be overcome.

One critical part of that transformation consists of the discovery of the infinite within. As Leo Tolstoy noted in his masterpiece on this subject “The Kingdom of God Is Within You” there is infinite spiritual depth, infinite intellectual and artistic potential within us, within a blade of grass. Such a spiritual and philosophical understanding of human experience is essential to moving beyond our self-destructive current culture and learning how to control technologies, rather than have technology control us.  

The importance of the humanities goes beyond philosophy. We must create a community in which all citizens can fully express themselves and live deep, meaningful and fulfilling lives without ever feeling a need to do something that requires fossil fuels. Humans did it four tens of thousands of years before. They may have suffered as a result of the lack of modern medicine and they may have been malnourished, but we should not assume their experiences were less spiritually and intellectually.

Odd though it may seem to people whose brains have been rewired by computers and the internet to respond to instant messages, it is possible for you to spend months reading books, writing letters, painting and sketching, exercising, playing music or dancing without employing a single drop of petroleum. Moreover, your memory will improve and you will find it easier to keep track of complex issues in your head as a result. Making things with your hands from clay or wood gives a concrete quality to experience that is effective in addressing the alienation in our society.

 The return of art, literature, and the public debate will greatly improve the state of our society and make us better equipped to respond to climate change. It is hard to imagine such a shift, but within FFF communities we can start the revolution.

 

These fossil fuel free communities require a deep personal commitment. Like members of alcoholics anonymous, we must pledge never to use fossil fuels and support each other so that we do not fall back to our old habit. We must feel a sense of shame, and we should spread that sense of shame broadly. Every time you use fossil fuels to warm your water, you should think that you are killing off children in Chad. Every time you throw away a plastic spoon, you should feel as if you are dumping raw crude oil in the ocean.

 

Restoring the culture of modesty and frugality that has made up much of human history is critical for our future. That will be part of our education programs, our media programs and our approach to evaluating human progress. We must reject the standards by which we have analyzed the world for over a hundred years.

Shame must be a part of that education. Every citizen must think about all the energy and the suffering that went into every drop of petroleum, the pollution and contamination that is behind every bite of processed food, and also the damage done by every little piece of plastic we through away, every piece of fish we waste.

Education about climate change should begin today, not for those who are reading this article, but for those who live in blissful ignorance, or who have been denied educations altogether. We must work outside of our FFF communities to tell every single citizen what is happening to the climate and what needs to be done. We need to think that we are competing against the commercial media that seeks to lull citizens to sleep and render them as harmless consumers. We must, by contrast, must meet them on the street with posters and other readily understood materials to tell them what is going on in terms they can understand. We must go door to door in every neighborhood and tell them the truth and invite them to join us.

We must not make the mistake of assuming that climate change is an issue for the upper middle class, or for progressives. We must seek out working class people, conservative Christians, everyone, and tell them how climate change impacts them.

More importantly, we must make it clear that those who commit to join the campaign against climate change are our friends. We do not want people to just show up for an event, just vote for a candidate. If they are willing to walk with us, and work with us, we will help them for a lifetime. If we have better educations, better connections, we will commit to helping their families, to looking out for their interests, if they join us. It is that sense of community, of a true contract, that is at the core of a political movement that will last for decades.

 

 

“重新考虑东北亚的真正危机” 多维新闻

多维新闻

“重新考虑东北亚的真正危机”

2019年 10月 8日

贝一明

美国如今在东北亚地区面临着不折不扣的灾难,这完全是其咎由自取:它轻率地对华发起贸易战、坐视日本和韩国之间的关税战,同时竭力宣传中国军事威胁论,令多方为合作交流付出的广泛努力付之东流。在我们默默的注视之下,善意的“不干涉”政策转变为恶意的无视。亚洲人或许会对此缄口不言,但“美国是破坏性力量”这一观点正在他们之中迅速传播。

“推特(Twitter)治国”以及“国际社会要以特朗普为先”的崭新观念反映出人们对眼前利益愈发重视,而正是这一趋势埋葬了美国的国际主义传统。美国拥有自由女神像,是联合国总部的所在地,也曾全力支持为解决核扩散、贸易和恐怖主义问题而制定的全球性条约——这些都是其国际主义传统的象征和体现。

东北亚危机的源头并非平壤,而是华盛顿——华盛顿的贪婪和自大在亚洲的首都城市找到了新的宿主。

我们是否真的需要将纳税人的钱用于在亚洲掀起新一轮“冷战”?要知道,美国或许非但无法借之以挽回失去的威望,反而会被抛出该区域。

日本也已将韩国视为假想敌,预测可能会与其发生军事冲突。我们必须即刻探索新的途径,避免军备竞赛的发动,阻止韩国、日本、中国和其他国家之间的贸易战愈演愈烈,否则可怕到难以想象的噩梦就会降临。所谓“新的途径”内涵甚广,改变美国在东北亚地区的角色便是其中之一。

无论是言之无物的峰会还是美国国会采取的行动,都无法解决东北亚危机。我们需要放眼东北亚的未来,助其开展变革,令其踏上光明之路。

日本哲学家荻生徂徕曾写道,世界上有两种棋艺大师:一种通晓规则,赢遍天下而不费吹灰之力;另一种则能够自己制定规则。

对于我们来讲,后者颇为陌生。我们已经习惯于维持二战结束后确立的世界秩序,从未尝试过破旧立新。但我们在东亚逐渐瓦解的地位无法通过缓慢的变革来挽救,我们必须彻底转变美国在亚洲担当的角色。

在考虑上述问题时,只要放弃以妖魔化别国为条件,答案就会跃然而出。

世界正在深受气候危机的困扰——瑞典女孩葛莉塔·桑博格(Greta Thunberg)感人至深的演讲将这一问题推到了风口浪尖。无数心怀热忱的年轻人都曾呼吁为了让人类免遭气候灾难之害而彻底改变全世界的经济、政治和文化模式。他们知道,倘若坐视不理,承受可怕后果的将是他们自己。

他们改变世界的诉求为美国重新定义自己在东北亚的角色,为解决中美之间的对抗,为鼓励日韩之间的交流合作创造了宝贵的机遇。

美国必须认识到,海平面上升、海洋变暖、沙漠蔓延、热带风暴肆虐——不论气候发生何种变化,这种变化本身便是东北亚地区面临到重大威胁。许多人正在垂死挣扎,数以百万计的人会在几年内死于非命。

然而要实现上述根本性转变,我们需要彻底调整自己的观念,而这正是葛莉塔所呼吁的。

这意味着美国需要把关注点从军事,从战斗机、军舰、子弹和导弹上移开,重新定义自己的安全使命,令国家摆脱对矿物燃料的依赖,重新造林,保护海洋、河流以及整个生态系统。尽管军队是主要的污染源,但还是可以将其加以规范,使其为清理污染以及推行石油开采、煤炭使用的禁令贡献力量。

这样的愿景似乎太过异想天开,无法实现。然而气候危机已经如此严重,以至于我们不得不全盘重新考虑。

以东亚问题为例,倘若美国能将目标从发动常规战争转移到遏制气候变化(植树、保护生态系统、防止企业为谋利而破坏地球上的宝贵资源),我们就会发现,美、日、韩三国的军方其实可以在多个领域通力合作。倘若中美两国的军方都能关注如何适应、缓解气候变化,双方的合作根本无需多加考虑。

设立军队的初衷并非达成上述目的,其所秉持的安全与国防观念未免已经不合时宜。然而,倘若军方能够积极行动起来,其实现上述转变的效率将比行政部门高得多。

军方可以不计收益地制定长期预算、用以发展科技,可以规定全国一律使用太阳能、风能发电的时限并坚决执行。我们应当集中美、日、韩三国的经验与技术,研究气候危机的解决方案,而非反其道而行之,大搞军事扩张。

“Don’t solve the crisis in Northeast Asia-Transform it!” (Korea Times)

Korea Times

“Don’t solve the crisis in Northeast Asia – transform it”

October 6, 2019

Emanuel Pastreich

The United States faces an unmitigated catastrophe in Northeast Asia today that is the result of a thoughtless trade war with China, companion tariff battles with Japan and South Korea, and an effort to promote China as a military threat that have undercut a broad range of cooperative efforts. We are watching in silence the metastasis of benign neglect into malignant neglect. Asians may be reticent to speak, but perceptions of Washington as a destructive force are spreading rapidly.

The administration’s governance by Twitter and a new vision of “Trump first” for the international community is but the acceleration of the trend toward short-term profits that has buried the tradition of internationalism in the United States that is embodied in the Statue of Liberty, the hosting of the United Nations headquarters and our support for global treaties addressing non-proliferation, trade and terrorism.


This crisis in Northeast Asia was not made in Pyongyang ― rather, Washington’s model of greed and narcissism has found new hosts in Asian capitals.

Do we really need to spend taxpayers’ dollars to promote a new “cold war” in Asia that will most likely result in the United States being pushed out of the region altogether, rather than restoring some lost prestige?

And Japan is postulating possible military conflicts with South Korea. We have no time to waste before we set out in a new direction so as to avoid an unimaginable nightmare of an arms race and economic warfare between South Korea, Japan, China and other nations. Such a development could mean many things, including an end of the U.S. role in the region.

This crisis in Northeast Asia will not be solved by a gaudy summit meeting, or by some act of Congress. What we need is a vision for the future of Northeast Asia that is transformative, one that offers palpable hope for a way forward.

The Japanese philosopher Ogyu Sorai wrote that there are two kinds of chess masters: those who know the rules so perfectly that they can win every game effortlessly and those who make up the rules by which chess is played.

The latter approach is distinctively unfamiliar. We are accustomed to maintaining the world order established at the end of World War II, not making up a new order. But our eroding position in East Asia cannot be turned around by gradual reform. We must fundamentally alter the U.S. role in East Asia.

And just as we start to struggle to define an American role in Asia that is not conditional on the demonization of others, an answer comes to us from somewhere unexpected.

The world was rocked by a series of climate strikes, peaking with the moving speech of Greta Thunberg at the United Nations’ Climate Action Summit. Tens of thousands of passionate youth demanded a fundamental change in all our economic, political and cultural assumptions in order to save us from the catastrophe of climate change. They know the consequences will be worst for them.

That demand for fundamental change in our world offers a priceless opportunity to redefine the U.S. role in Northeast Asia and to resolve the confrontation with China, and to encourage cooperation between Korea and Japan.

The U.S. must recognize that climate change itself is the primary threat in Northeast Asia, whether rising seas, warming oceans, spreading deserts or raging tropical storms. Many are dying and millions will die in the years ahead.

But to achieve this fundamental shift in the concept of security requires us to change all our assumptions ― which is exactly what Greta demanded.

It means that the U.S. must move away from a military that is focused on planes, ships, bullets and missiles and redefine its security mission as rapidly making our country free of fossil fuels, restoring forests and protecting the ecosystems of oceans and rivers. Whereas the U.S. military is one of the greatest polluters now, it could be re-engineered to devote its efforts to cleaning up pollution and enforcing a ban on oil drilling and the use of coal.

Such a vision seems too fantastic to work. But the crisis is literally so great as to demand that we rethink everything.

In the case of East Asia, as the U.S. military shifts its mission to mitigating climate change (planting trees, protecting the ecosystem, making sure that businesses do not destroy the Earth’s precious resources for profit) and away from conventional warfare, we will find that our military can cooperate with the militaries of Japan and Korea on multiple fronts. Military-military cooperation with China will be a no-brainer as the militaries focus in on adaptation to, and mitigation of, climate change.

The military is not set up so serve such a transformative role. If anything, it clings to outdated ideas about security and defense. But if the military started to function in such a manner, it could implement such a shift more rapidly than the civilian sector.

The military can set up long-term budgets to develop technologies without concern for profits, it can determine that all electricity must be generated by solar or wind power by next month and then make it happen. We can combine American, Korean, Japanese knowhow to come up with those solutions and move away from a dangerous military buildup that does nothing to address climate change.

华盛顿研讨会 “美国的政治混乱如何影响到东亚诸国?” 10月 11日

亚洲研究所 华盛顿研讨会

第一回

“美国的政治混乱如何影响到东亚诸国?”

10月 11日 (星期五) 下午 5—7时

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星巴克 2175 K Street, NW

Starbucks 2175 K Street, NW (202-293-2063)

美国国内政治正面临着前所未有的混乱。民主、共和两党相互攻击,针对特朗普总统的言论以及特朗普总统本人的言论也越来越极端。

多方分析人士认为,2020年美国总统大选之前,美国不会过多地关注东亚问题。虽然如此,美国在东亚的作用与影响仍然十分强大,美国也会努力维持其在东亚地区的强大作用。

为进一步分析美国国内政治如何影响东亚地区,本研究所拟召开一次小型研讨会,讨论弹劾政治如何影响美国政治及东亚国际关系,以及如何影响美国的东亚政策,如贸易、安全和外交等。

欢迎各位莅临。

简单的发言

贝一明(亚洲研究所所长)、郑继永(复旦大学 教授、朝鲜韩国研究中心主任)

地点: 星巴克 2175 K Street, NW/Starbucks 2175 K Street, NW(202-293-2063)

(联系人: 贝一明 703-850-7795 epastreich@asia-institute.org

週刊金曜日「武器よさらば」 金曜文化

週刊金曜日

2019年 9月 27日

金曜文化

「武器よさらば 地球温暖化の危機と憲法九条」

著者に聞く

「武器よさらば 地球温暖化の危機と憲法九条」の著者エマニュエル・パストリッチは、米国生まれ。12年間、韓国に在住して著書を刊行してきたが、韓国での活動を終えて8月、米国に帰国した。今回、初の日本語著書刊行を機に日本を訪問。地球温暖化の危機は人類生存に関わる安全保障の問題であり、「この難題に立ち向かうのは日本の平和憲法だ」と語る。

直面する地球温暖化の危機を迎え、生き残るには莫大な予算が必要です。そのためには、武器を購入する余裕などありません。「武器よさらば」こそが地球温暖化という人類の危機への対処なのです。

日本の平和憲法の意義がそこにあります。戦車や戦闘機といった武器は、平和憲法にもとづいて購入をやめ、気候変動という、非軍事的な脅威にのために資源や技術を活用することができるのです。

実際、日本は気候変動に対して太陽光発電や風力発電など自然エネルギーの高度な技術をもっています。2011年に起きた原子力発電所の大事故の経験があるからです。

日本政府は1997年、京都で開催されたCOP3(気候変動枠組条約3回締約国会議)は、温室効果ガス濃度の減少対策として、原発活用を言明したのですが、大事故が起きた現在、それは過去のことです。

ただし、日本の脱原発運動と、地球温暖化阻止の運動は、平和憲法を生かす運動と結びついていません。

脱原発は具体化のプロセスが鮮明です。安全保障もそうであるべきです。「軍隊をなくせばいい」というだけでは、米国の軍産複合体はなくなりません。

日本の平和憲法で地球温暖化問題についての未来を切り拓かねばなりません。今回の本では、日本の自衛隊を、どうやって、地球温暖化問題に取り組む組織や役割に変えるかを示しました。

米国では日本の平和憲法を評価する人は多いのですが、平和憲法を持つべきだと主張する人はほとんどいません。韓国は日本の平和憲法を高く評価しますが、自らが平和憲法を持とうとはしません。

日本の安倍晋三首相は、平和憲法は過去のものとして、「改憲」を悲願としていますが、それだけ平和憲法を持つことは貴重なことなのです。

核兵器禁止条約に日米韓は署名していませんが、米国が核兵器を禁止することは十分に可能でしょう。トランプ大統領の発言は極端で、米国内が分裂しており、体制自体が崩壊する可能性がありますが、崩壊すれば抜本的な変化が可能だからです。

いずれにしても、軍事力で解決できない地球温暖化に対処するためには、平和憲法を持つ日本こそが、世界をリードしなくてはなりません。

(聞き手 堀田美恵子)

カフェ シャリマアル

駒場キャンパスに通っていたころ (1988年ー1992年)いつも渋谷の 渋谷東急プラザ 6階にある カフェ シャリマアルでコーヒーを飲みました。一番好きな喫茶店だったかもしれません。そこで本を読んだり遠いアメリカにいる友達と家族にお手紙を書きました。

「日本とはなにか、アメリカ人学者と考える」10月21日 19:00〜21:00

「日本とはなにか、アメリカ人学者と考える」

2019年 10月21日 19:00〜21:00

 ワシントン在住のアメリカ学者エマニュエル ・パストリッチ氏を囲んで、今私たちが直面している社会問題を討論するための小さな集まりを開催します。日本に6年間留学した経験があり、日本の文化や思想に詳しいパストリッチ氏は、今年の7月に日本の政治、経済、文化と外交について興味深い著作を出版しました。この会でパストリッチ氏の著書、「武器よさらば〜地球温暖化の危機と憲法九条〜」を皆さまにご紹介致します。是非奮ってご参加くださいませ。

日時:2019年 10月21日 19:00〜

会場: 新宿 cafe&bar DUG  

東京都新宿区新宿3-15-12(アドホック隣)

お飲み物代はお一人様あたり500円まで、こちらで負担致します。会場にお店を使わせていただくため、お一人様1オーダー、ドリンクを注文して戴く形となります。500円を超える差額は各自御負担いただきます。どうぞお気軽にお集まりください。

連絡先 ange.no644@gmail.com

Strike DC for Climate Justice (Sept. 23, 2019)

It was no simple matter dragging myself to McPherson Square at 7:30 AM today to participate in the Extinction Rebellion part of today’s STrike DC for Climate Justice. But when I saw the eighty or so dedicated people who were there, I was inspired. One really needs people around one who are committed in order to feel the real confidence to set out on a difficult task. We blocked several intersections and distributed leaflets to the drivers who were forced to wait. The police were relatively understanding and helpful and there were plenty of people who went out of their way to help us.

But it was an incredibly hot day for September and I felt as if our doom had already set it. The activities were more impressive than those in SEoul, but not anywhere near enough.

We are so late and the crowd are still not nearly large enough.

孫崎享とパストリッチ エマニュエルが日本を語る

日本を語る

外交、安保、環境

孫崎享 (元外交官、東アジア共同体研究所 理事・所長)

パストリッチ エマニュエル (N G Oアジアインスティチュート 所長)

2019年 20日(日曜日)午後 7:30-9:00

ジュンク堂池袋店(4階)

対米従属の外交政策に警鐘を鳴らしてきた元外交官が外国人の目から見た日本通史を上梓、憲法9条こそ非軍事的脅威・地球温暖化の危機に有効性をもつと初の邦訳書を出した安全保障の米国の論者—自著を語る対談実現!!

自著を語るー『日本国の正体』VS『武器よさらば 地球温暖化の危機と憲法9条』

孫崎享

孫崎 享(まごさき うける)1943年生まれ。元外交官、評論家東アジア共同体研究所理事・所長。ハーバード大学国際問題研究所研究員、ウズベキスタン駐箚特命全権大使、外務省国際情報局局長、イラン駐箚特命全権大使など歴任。新著『日本国の正体』では外国人が見た日本を通史的に取り上げて日本人とは何かを問う。

エマニュエル・パストリッチ

エマニュエル・パストリッチ (Emanuel Pastreich)、1964年生まれ。外交、環境問題のN G Oアジアインスティチュート所長。イリノイ大学、韓国の慶熙大学で教授を務めた。7年間日本に留学し、12年韓国に努めて今年8月から米国に帰国した。中国語、韓国語、英語の著作に加えて、この8月に日本語訳初の著書を刊行した。

東アジアの安全保障上の地図が激変しています。

 孫崎享さんはすでに10年近くも前の著作で、米国のアジア戦略の今後について、米中2大大国が世界を調整する政策と、その調整として同盟国日本が共通の敵に当たらせる政策をとると予言し、「対米追従だけが国益ではない事実を見定めるべきだ」と述べています。最新著『日本国の正体』は日本の外側、外国人から見た日本を通史的に描くことで「私たちは何者か」を問いました。

 エマニュエル・パストリッチさんは日本、中国の古典文学の専門家でしたが、環境問題と安全保障問題に深い関心を持ってきました。その成果は日本の初の著書『武器よさらば 地球温暖化の危機と憲法9条』に結びつきました。この書の中で地球温暖化という人類の危機は非軍事的脅威であり、軍事的圧力ではない安全保障・憲法9条こそが実効性を持つと指摘しています。

 なぜ自身のこの著を書かねばならなかったのかー孫崎さんは豊富な外交官としての経験と長年にわたる歴史研究から、パストリッチさんは米韓日での生活、研究を送ったことで一国中心主義から脱却した視点から自著を語ることで、日本、米国、東アジアの現状、課題が見えてくるのではないでしょうか。ご期待ください。

 対談のためパストリッチさんはワシントンから来日します。

Mj Book Cafe  ジュンク堂池袋店 4階

東京都豊島区南池袋2-15-5 Tel 03-5956-6111

問い合わせ

epastreich@asia-institute.org