The Scientific Method

“I have only one loyalty in policy and politics: loyalty to the scientific method.”

Emanuel Pastreich
December 15, 2017

 

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인디고서원 특강 관련 기사

인디고서원 2017년 10월 29일 부산에 있는 인디고서원에서 학생을 대상으로 특강을 했어요. 그특강을 소개 하는 기사는 인디고서원 잡지에서 게재 됐어요.

 

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「なぜ大学が経済学を教える事ができていないか」  ハフィントンポスト

 

 ハフィントンポスト

「なぜ大学が経済学を教える事ができていないか」

2017年12月11日

エマニュエル パストリッチ

私の授業を受講する学生のほとんどが経済学も受講しており、学生たちのことをいつも羨ましく思っていた。学生時代に経済学を学ぶ機会に恵まれなかった私には経済について発言する資格などはないと思っていたからだ。

ところが、ひょんなことから驚くべき事実を知ることになった。「東アジアの歴史」という講義の授業中に、学生たちに経済学が政治や社会に及ぼす影響等、いくつかの質問を投げかけてみたのだが、大学で何年も経済学を学んでいる学生の大半よりも、文学が専門の私の方が経済学関連の書籍の読書量が圧倒的に多かったのである。

また、経済理論の基礎についても尋ねてみたことがあるのだが、「経済学」を専攻する学生でさえも、トマス・ホッブズ、アダム・スミス、マックス・ヴェーバー等の一昔前の経済学者はもちろんのこと、トマ・ピケティ等の現代の経済評論家の主な著書さえも読んだことがないと言うのである。

とても驚くべきことである。文学部の教授にすぎない私でさえも、経済学者の有名な著書は一部分だけでも読んだことがあるからだ。経済学の教材には経済学の重要な理論が簡単ではあるが記述されていると説明する学生もいたが、大体の経済学の授業では経済学の本質については全く考察せず、高等数学を利用して与えられた問題を解くことだけを授業の目的にしているのである。

また、経済学の教材にも金利や赤字の問題からインフレや価値に至る経済学の問題を、あたかも熱力学第二法則や重力の法則等の自然法則のように論述しているのである。その上、経済学で定義されている人間活動に関しては、そういった過程の妥当性について科学的な調査はもちろんのこと、認識論や形而上学的な考察はされず、単純な計算をすることだけが経済学の真理を追求できる道だと勘違いをしているのが実状なのである。 Read more of this post

More words on the “three-way fight”

If we look at the election, it is clear that a space emerged for Trump (and his inventers Steve Bannon and Robert Mercer) to address the needs of workers, who were largely white, in a manner democrats could not. Trump could give a talk in Detroit saying that he would stop the import of foreign cars, his “American first” economic nationalism. No Democrat could give that sort of a speech because although they are committed to ethnic diversity, they are not interested in class issues and do not care about ordinary workers, black or white. At least Trump appealed to whites.

The anti-globalization left thought that having Trump (supported by the anti-globalization right) would mean that the false face covering up American imperialism would be torn off (which would be healthy) and that he was not looking to start new wars, or to expand in the Middle East. Of course Trump made statements, probably sincere, that he wanted to eat a hamburger with Kim Jung Eun and that US policy in the middle East, starting with the invasion of Iraq in 1992 was all mistaken.

Sadly, Trump is a political amateur and had no network at all in the military industrial complex. He was very quickly captured and put in a cage, reading off a script written up by the far right.

But those “conservative” flavor of globalists basically speak the same way to Goldman  Sachs or to Lockeed Martin as do left wing globalists (like Clinton, or for that matter Sanders). But in their appeal to ordinary citizens they stress Christian values, patriotism, a strong defense and law and order. Clinton would speak to her audience more in terms of “diversity” “opportunity” and “innovation.” But the fundamental interests are basically the same for both groups, granted the Democrats take more money from Hollywood and media, from biopharmaceutical, and from specialized investement banks whereas the Republicans take more from fossil fuel companies, defense contractors and retailers and providers.

there are certain poses of a strong and confident leader that are essential to be a Republican politician that are just visually offensive to diversity Democrats. Democrats have to look like they are participatory, not strong leaders barking orders like a lieutenant or a preacher.

We should not mistake that show for the actual nature of power and money relations.

But although these Republican politicians want to give a message of “America first” they cannot say no to investment banks that fund them and cannot come out against free trade even though their followers want them to.

Steve Bannon and Trump found a weak point here and are pushing symbolic acts of economic nationalism as a way of carving out a separate party within the Republican party which is a union of globalists with other priorities than the Washington consensus with anti-globalist right wingers who want immigrants out and blacks and Jews back in their place.

In current American politics, since 20000, the political parties, and the government itself, is perceived by Americans in general, and especially the right wing as innately hostile to the people.

Yet question of how to respond to the alienation citizens from politics and government that expressed in the media and in political discourse phrased in rather complicated and contradictory ways.

The odd political debate is often an interference pattern of the perspective of  the three distinct political ideologies described who are in a fierce three-way fight which is never discussed in the media.  The three groups, in alternation, pair up with each other, or confront each other, in an unending cycle that confuses anyone thinking in terms of left vs. right.

 

For the original essay see

The political three-way fight in the United States

 

 

 

 

“Trump’s Lucky Day”

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“Prepare for North Korean terror in Gangnam” Korea Times

Korea Times

“Prepare for North Korean terror in Gangnam”

December 3, 2017

 

There has been a lot of hot rhetoric in Washington, D.C.and Seoul about how Trump and a pumped up U.S. -Korea alliance are going to “take care of” Pyongyang. But I fear that the thinking is fuzzy, if not delusional. North Korea, with extensive underground facilities built over the last fifty years, cannot be stopped by either a precision attack, or an all-out assault. Even if a suicidal Donald Trump dropped 50 atomic bombs on North Korea, he might permanently destroy the climate of Northeast Asia, he might be removed from office through a coup d’etat, but he will do nothing to even scratch the nuclear weapons North Korea is storing deep beneath the surface of the Earth.  Read more of this post

Korea Times

“Do Korean universities teach economics? ”

November 29, 2017

Emanuel Pastreich

 

Almost all of my undergraduate students take courses in economics and I greatly envy them for it. Sadly, I never had a chance to study economics as an undergraduate and do not consider myself to be qualified in the field.

So, in my ignorance, I started asking them questions related to economic phenomena during my classes on Korean and East Asian history.

But I discovered a remarkable fact about the study of economics in Korea when I made my questions to my students more specific about the impact of economics on politics and society: I found out that I had read more about economics than most of my students who had taken years of economics classes in college.

When I asked them about the fundamentals of economic theory, I discovered that in the course of their classes in “economics” they had not read any of the major works of Adam Smith, Max Weber, Karl Marx, John Keynes, or even contemporary critics like Thomas Piketty. Read more of this post

Joke about African Americans in American society

I heard this joke from my son yesterday.

Two black men are walking down the street when they see a sign that reads,

“Get ahead in life! Become white. Just $200”

One man said to the other, “Well, it certainly could be a great economic opportunity to be white. Maybe I should try it.”

The other man said, “Try it out and see if it helps.”

He paused, and then responded,

“But I only have $100 on me. Can you lend me $100 and I will pay you back with interest as soon as I become white and get rich.”

“Sure,” replied his friend.

The man went into the store and came out as a white man one hour later.

His friend was amazed, exclaiming, “It worked! Now you can make the big money. So, when can I get my $100 back?”

His friend replied, “Get a job!”

“수학 방정식에 갇힌 대학 교육” 프레시안

프레시안

맑스도 케인즈도 없는 한국 경제학

“수학 방정식에 갇힌 대학 교육”

2017년 11월 27일

임마누엘 페스트라이쉬

 

나의 수강생들 중 거의 대부분이 경제학 강의를 수강하고 있으며 나는 그것을 매우 부러워한다. 애석하게도 나는 학부생 시절 경제학을 공부할 기회가 전혀 없었으며, 경제에 대하여 발언 할 자격을 취득할 생각 자체를 하지 못했다.

그래서 나는 무지하게도 내가 강의하는 한국과 동아시아 역사 수업 도중 경제 현상과 관련된 질문을 학생들에게 던지기 시작했다.

그러나 나는 수업 중 학생들에게 경제학이 정치와 사회에 미치는 영향에 대한 질문을 던졌을 때 한국 학생들의 경제학 공부와 관련된 놀라운 사실을 발견하게 되었는데, 그것은 대학에서 수년간 경제학 강의를 수강한 대부분의 학생들보다 내가 경제학 관련 서적을 더 많이 읽었다는 사실이다.

수강생들에게 경제 이론의 기초에 대해 물었을 때 나는 그들이 수강하는 ‘경제학’ 수업에서 토머스 홉스, 아담 스미스, 막스 베버, 칼 마르크스, 존 케인스와 같은 고전 경제학자는 물론이고, 심지어 토마 피케티 같은 현대 경제 평론가들의 주요 저서조차 읽지 않았다는 것을 알게 되었다.

나는 정말로 놀랐다. 단순한 문학 교수에 불과한 나도 그러한 모든 경제 이론가들의 주요 작품 중 적어도 일부는 읽었다. 한 학생은 경제학 교과서에 경제학의 주요 이론을 간략하게 소개한 구절들이 포함되어 있다고 설명했다.  Read more of this post